A positive bystander is someone who notices a potentially harmful or dangerous situation and intervenes. While it is only the responsibility of the perpetrator to not rape or sexually abuse people, bystanders can sometimes prevent harmful or dangerous situations from happening.
Recognizing the signs
A potentially harmful or dangerous situation has a number of warning signs you can look out for. If you’re unsure if what you’re seeing is harmful or dangerous, it is better to be safe than sorry.
It may be time to step in if:
- If a person appears to be under the influence of drugs or alcohol and is being talked to or touched by someone else inappropriately
- If a person looks uncomfortable or unsure in an interaction with someone
- If someone says something that is disrespectful or perpetuates harmful ideologies
How to intervene
There are 3 easy-to-remember ways to intervene in a potentially harmful or dangerous situation.
Approach the situation and create a distraction. This could be asking one person to come to the bathroom with you or starting up a conversation.
If you don’t feel like you are able to step in, find someone who can. This could be finding a friend who knows the people involved or contacting security or law enforcement.
Be direct. Approach the situation and address the issue. However, be careful to not create a hostile environment for the person who needs the intervention.
Being a positive bystander is about knowing when to speak up when others can’t. If you’re ever unsure, it’s better to err on the side of safety.
To request an interactive, age-appropriate prevention program at your school, email firstname.lastname@example.org, or submit our online request form.